Tag: Glass

How Glass Plays a Major Part in Camera Lenses

How Glass Plays A Major Part In Camera Lenses

How does glass play a major part in camera lenses?

  1. Glass lenses bend the light
  2. Glass makes up the anatomy of a lens
  3. Different glass camera lenses, different focal lengths

 

In order for cameras to accurately depict its surroundings, various kinds of glass are specially designed and placed in camera lenses to generate the perfect image. Locally, these types of glass are created by professionals at glass and stainless steel suppliers in the Philippines such as One Sky Philippines.

These different variations of glass bend the light that comes through the lens. After which, the lens directs and focuses the beams of light into the imaging chip that provides you with the sharp images that you can view on your camera. These lenses need to be specially crafted in order for them to efficiently work together.

Read on to learn more about how glass plays a major part in camera lenses.

 

Glass Lenses Bend the Light

Glass Lenses Bend The Light

At first glance, it may seem simple to take a picture with your camera. Just one click and you have a sharp image of the scenery or loved one that you are taking a picture of. However, on the inside of your camera, a complex process is working overtime to convert beams of light into the images you see on your screen.

Lens elements need to be strategically positioned in order to maintain the sharpness of multiple focal lengths. To put it simply, pieces of glass need to be constantly adjusted to ensure that your image remains in focus no matter how near or far your subject is. Not only that, but the glass must be able to capture the entire width of the image, making sure that every single area is in focus. This becomes more difficult especially when it comes to zoom lenses, which are able to cater to a variety of focal lengths in just one camera lens.

The next part will further discuss the specifications of how glass works within the anatomy of a camera lens.

 

Glass Makes Up the Anatomy of a Lens

The different types of glass inside the anatomy of glass are placed around specific areas. They are called lens elements. Some are attached to exterior rings that can help with focusing or zooming in. Some are fixed to the inside of the camera lens cylinder and cannot be moved. Here is a list of lens elements that make up the anatomy of a lens:

  • Front Element
  • Lens Group
  • Aperture
  • Rear Element

These pieces of glass all vary in shape. Some are convex (popping out in the center), flat, and concave (squished in the center). The number of lens elements within a camera can also increase or decrease depending on the type of camera lens you purchase. Each camera lens is used for a number of different reasons due to their differing aesthetics.

 

Different Glass Camera Lenses, Different Focal Lengths

Different Glass Camera Lenses, Different Focal Lengths

When shopping for a camera lens, you will have to make a very important choice between a zoom lens or a prime lens. These two different types of lenses have a range of focal lengths that you can choose from. They also have their own unique properties and are useful for specific activities.

In terms of a prime lens, its unique quality is that it has one fixed focal length. This means that the prime lens has a lesser number of parts, which helps it capture sharper images. It has no zooming properties as well, which means that you will need to physically move closer or further away in order widen the range of your image. Here is a list of popular prime lenses and their specific uses:

  • 50mm

50mm lenses are used to capture macro images. They can include extreme details in subjects that cannot be captured by other types of lenses. The type of glass found in this lens can easily take a picture of even the smallest details. This lightweight and affordable lens is perfect for someone looking to try prime lenses for the first time.

  • 28mm

A 28mm is also known as a “wide lens”. The special property of this lens is that it has the ability to capture a large part of your subject. The glass distorts the light in order to fit the whole scenery in. This is perfect for those who want to capture outdoor scenery or to fit in a large group of people in a gathering.

  • 85mm

85mm lenses are perfect for those into portrait photography. The lens can easily capture a large part of the subject with just a hint of the background to frame them in. Its length will make it easier for you to capture your subject without needing to move too close or too far away from them.

On the other hand, a zoom lens can be adjusted into multiple focal lengths with a twist of a ring. These are useful in cases where you are limited to move around and also to easily zoom into far away subjects. This is also ideal for those who are into videography, as you will not need to constantly change the lens to get the perfect shot. Here are some of the more popular types of zoom lenses:

  • 18-55mm

An 18-55mm zoom lens is usually called a “kit lens”. This is a popular lens for beginners as you will be able to observe the differences of numerous focal lengths. You will be able to take pictures of subjects that are a few steps away from you.

  • 18-200mm

If you are planning on going on vacation, a superzoom lens such as an 18-200mm one will help you greatly. The wide array of focal lengths will keep you prepared for any type of subject you may want to capture. This can capture the detail on subjects extremely far away from you.

  • 100-400mm

If you want to capture sporting events, then the 100-400mm telephoto lens is for you. This can allow you to capture action between a number of people while maintaining its clarity. It can also offer you a clear picture of your subject while blurring out the background to really bring attention to the right place.

Research well on the different kinds of lenses and their respective lens elements to learn how to produce high-quality pictures.

 

Key Takeaway

There are a number of factors that go into capturing an image. One of the major factors are the specialized kinds of glass found within camera lenses and the camera body itself. Glass of all shapes and sizes are strategically placed in areas of the anatomy of the camera lens to filter the light beams that come through it. These have to be made by professional glass and stainless steel suppliers in the Philippines, such as One Sky Philippines, in order to ensure that each piece works the way it should.

Do more research on the different types of camera lenses to be able to effectively capture a pristine image of your surroundings.

The History of Tempered Glass

The History Of Tempered Glass

What is the history of tempered glass?

  1. The creation of tempered glass
  2. Rise in popularity
  3. Introduction to the global market
  4. Tempered glass in major industries

 

Tempered glass is known for its strength as well as its ability to shatter into tiny and relatively harmless pieces. It can be bought from stainless steel suppliers in the Philippines. The glass is used in products that are either in constant contact with the human body or are used as a safety measure for them. It is also integrated into areas with a high risk of fractures such as buildings or automobiles.

Examples of tempered glass in items are screen protectors for cell phones, glass doors for showers, and microwaves. These can be purchased at trusted suppliers such as One Sky Philippines. Here is a timeline of the history of tempered glass.

 

How Is Tempered Glass Made?

Tempered glass is made with the annealing method. It creates tension in the middle of the glass and compression on its outer edges. This is the secret to the strength of tempered glass. Here are the three steps in the annealing methodology.

  1. Cutting
  2. Tempering
  3. Quenching

Cutting is the first part of the creation of tempered glass. The glass is cut into the set length and width. Then, an abrasive is applied to smoothen the sharp edges. Afterward, the glass is washed off of any excess debris. The glass must be properly examined in order to spot any imperfections that could cause it to break in the proceeding steps.

Tempering is the next step. The glass is fed into a tempering oven and heated to more than 600 degrees Celsius. Note that this extreme heat treatment process could cause breakage if the glass has an imperfection.

Quenching is the last step in the creation of tempered glass. The glass is removed from the tempering oven and immediately sprayed with high-pressure air. This extreme cooling process is called “quenching”. It cools the exterior faster than the center, causing tension and compression that strengthens the glass.

 

The Creation of Tempered Glass

The Creation Of Tempered Glass

The process of tempering glass was first created in the middle of the 17th century. In 1874, King Francois Barthelemy Alfred Royer de la Bastie discovered a kind of glass that breaks into tiny little pieces while maintaining its physical form. He heated a piece of glass until it was molten and immediately quenched it in a hot bath of oil.

In 1877, a German named Friedrich Siemens created a different version that is more commonly known as compressed glass. His process presses the glass into cool molds. This method created an even stronger kind of tempered glass.

Austrian Chemist Rudolph A. Seiden was the first to win a patent for the creation of tempered glass.

 

 Rise in Popularity of Tempered Glass

In 1876, American Geovge E. Rogens received a patent in Massachusetts to introduce tempered glass into drinking glasses and streetlamps. American Hugh O’Hill won a patent in New Jersey in the same year.

By 1936, tempered glass was being added on to vehicles in the United States as a form of protection. Studies were showing that people were most likely to pass away in the case of them being ejected from the vehicle during an accident. Tempered glass was chosen due to its ability to stay intact when damaged.

 

The Introduction of Tempered Glass to the Global Market

Tempered glass was first introduced to the global market by a Chinese company called Shanghai Yaohua Glass Factory in 1955. By 1965, another Chinese company was creating military grade glass.

By the 1970s, tempered glass was everywhere. The glass was widely promoted and became incredibly popular all over the world. It was most commonly used in the automobile, construction, and electronics industries.

 

Tempered Glass in Major Industries

Tempered Glass In Major Industries

Tempered glass became popular due to a number of industries. This kind of protective glass can greatly reduce the chances of extreme injuries. These can be purchased at trusted suppliers such as One Sky Philippines. Here is a list of industries and how they make use of tempered glass.

Automobile

The windows of a vehicle are made of tempered glass. It can withstand the pressures from large potholes and even just the closing of the car door. A new kind of glass has been developed that combines the strength of laminated and tempered glass. These are quickly being integrated into new car models.

Construction

Windows and glass doors need to be made of a glass that can withstand constant use and possible banging. Tempered glass is used for this specific reason. Windows and doors can be suddenly and violently shut by strong winds. It is important that the kind of glass it has can withstand the impact.

Electronics

In terms of electronics, tempered glass is used mainly for the protection of devices such as cell phones and computers. This kind of screen protector can withstand the wear and tear of the owner’s constant use as well as any damage that could happen from accidental falls. It can also be used for appliances that need to handle constant heat but also be observable on the inside such as ovens, coffee machines, and microwaves.

 

Key Takeaway

Tempered glass was created as an alternative to kinds of glass that could be harmful once broken. It can ensure your safety while providing a unique aesthetic appearance in a number of ways. The number of industries that utilize this kind of glass can attest to its durability and safety. In the Philippines, stainless steel suppliers sell tempered and other forms of protective glass. Do your research well to find the best kind of glass for you.

Uses of Glass in Construction

Uses Of Glass In Construction

What are the uses of glass in construction?

  1. Traditional form and function
  2. Application advancement
  3. Transparent uses
  4. Outlook
  5. The different types of glass

 

All glass and aluminum suppliers in the Philippines will tell you that glass is being used in the building industry, whether it’s used to make conventional windows or structural members in new-age buildings. Glass is used in construction and for architectural purposes in engineering. With so many different properties and uses, you can definitely say that glass can be just as great as aluminum and steel. Here are some of the uses of glass as an ideal material for construction:

 

Traditional Form and Function

A glass is described as a transparent, sparkling, delicate, and illustrative material. It is one of the most useful and most interesting materials with more applications and installation techniques that are constantly in development. Glass is used in various methods during construction projects with an exact form and type.

The most familiar glass forms are fiberglass products that are being used for insulation and translucent panels, transparent blocks, and windows. Another is glass insulation, and it is typically installed as loose particles blown into cavities and ceilings used as specialized equipment.

 

Application Advancement

Application Advancement

Glass in its solid, float manufactured state really shines in construction and it is constantly being used in more and more construction projects. However, it requires more advanced installation methods. Prefabricated structural fiberglass panels make use of interlocks and adhesives in achieving engineering performance like of steel and wood elements. There are a lot of installation methods that have improved as well, such as frameless glazing utilizes specialized adhesives to hold glass panels against structural supports in place without an exposed framework. This leads to a smooth and continuous effect on a lot of buildings exteriors, floors, and facades.

 

Transparent Uses

The main property of glass is transparency which allows the vision of the outside world through it. The transparency of glass can either be from both sides or from one side only. In the recent forms of recent construction techniques, glass has always been utilized in making beams and columns.

It does not only look dramatic but also has an attractive compression and strength to weight ratio. Glass achieves its strength when loaded in compression. Post-tensioning techniques are used to ensure the structural elements of glass bear compressive loads.

 

Outlook

Outlook

The developments in the glass sector are not all limited to its classic properties, whether its energy savings and solar protection, but it can also improve and change its stability and surface. As the product versatility for glass increases, so does the need for architects, engineers, and building owners to consult with a glass protector.

 

Glass for Windows and Facades

The primary use for windows is to supply natural daylight, fresh air, and provide protection from rain, cold, and wind. These purposes which are characteristic for windows can be mostly achieved by means of special multifunctional designs.

Sophisticated window and facade systems combine different technical demands with the creative freedom of planning. The potential of glass is not only for increasing in transparency and quality of living, but it can also emphasize the vitality of reflecting surfaces and the presence of structures.

 

Types of Glass Used in Construction

Let’s discuss some of the different glasses that are broadly used for construction:

Soda Lime Glass

Soda Lime Glass or Float Glass is a mixture of sodium silicate and calcium silicate. It is smooth at low temperature and it can be blown or welded easily when infusion condition. It is colorless and it is mainly used for window panes and for the laboratory tubes and other apparatus.

Potash Lead Glass

A type of glass with a mixture of potassium silicate and lead silicate. Its properties possess bright luster and great refractive power. It is mostly used in the manufacturing of artificial gems, electric bulbs, and lenses.

Common Glass

A mixture of sodium, calcium, and iron silicate. It is brown, green, and yellow in color and mainly used for in manufacturing medicine bottles.

Shatterproof Glass

It is used for windows, skylights, floors etc. Some type of plastic polyvinyl butyral is added in the making process so it cannot form sharp-edged pieces when it breaks.

Double Glazed Units

This type of glass is made by providing an air gap between two glass panes in order to reduce heat loss and gain. Normal glass can cause an immense amount of heat gain and 30% of the loss of heat or air conditioning energy. Green, energy efficient glass can reduce this impact.

Special Glasses

Some properties of glasses can be suitably altered by changing basic ingredients and adding a few more ingredients. It is now emerged as a versatile material to meet any special requirement in engineering.

 

Key Takeaway

Most glass and aluminum suppliers in the Philippines will tell you that glass is a great material to use for construction purposes. With different types of glasses, transparent uses, and properties, glass is definitely a great material to use for buildings and other construction purposes.

Difference of Glass and Aluminum in Your Cell Phone’s Material

Difference Of Glass And Aluminum In Your Cell Phone’s Material

What are the differences between glass and aluminum when used in your cell phone’s material?

  1. Aluminum
  • Superior material
  • Heat dissipater
  • Durability
  • Waterproof
  1. Glass
  • Improved reception
  • Better wireless charging
  • Customization
  • Recyclability

 

You may think that all smartphones are built just the same. But have you ever wondered how smartphone manufacturers choose to build their products with one material and another? Over the years, the smartphone market has changed drastically. Among glass and aluminum suppliers in the Philippines, for the most part, are the two most popular materials to choose from are aluminum and glass.

Despite the numerous options, what smartphone builder would you actually prefer? Here’s all you should know about the difference between aluminum and glass as components of the perfect smartphone material.

 

Aluminum

Aluminum

Aluminum and Magnesium metals are used in many different products. From technical devices to construction and even furniture, it is one of the most commonly used materials in smartphones. The material itself is malleable and it allows manufacturers to be more creative when designing smartphones that are fit for every person’s need. Read on to find out why aluminum is an amazing material for smartphones.

 

  • Superior Material

For many smartphone users, metal is equal to premium. Seeing an aluminum phone polished and coated with a crisp finish does indeed make a phone look good. A lot of people associate it as high-quality material; it’s light and more durable than glass in most cases.

The minimal markings and no extraneous parts to take away from a single piece of metal in a certain shape to form a complete design aesthetic. It often ties well in a premium look and garnering many fans of its design.

 

  • Heat Dissipater

Touch is one of the primary human senses. In comparison to its other material counterparts, a metal smartphone can disperse more heat generated by the processor and internals of the device.

A smartphone with a metal casing can offer better protection to the internal components in comparison with other competing materials. Metal transfers heat much better than any other material, it gets cold when you stop using it and best of all, it feels good in the hands.

 

  • Durability

Aluminum is especially durable in end use. The required energy in combination with the long life-span is what makes the material durable. Aluminum body smartphones can withstand some rough treatment.

Also, the fact that aluminum casing provides better protection to the internals as an added advantage. Using aluminum in smartphones requires less maintenance than other metals.

 

  • Waterproof

Aluminum enclosures give electronics quality protection from atmospheric and marine corrosion. Smartphones with IP67 and IP68 rating means smartphones can survive splashes of rain, water, or even a spill. Waterproof means that your phone will be fine if it’s completely submerged or soaked.

 

Glass

Glass

Glass has become the material choice for flagship mobile phones. Although glass can be fragile compared to aluminum, it became a popular feature because it looks great and the heavy-feel gives the users a feel of luxury. Aluminosilicate glass, more commonly known as Gorilla Glass, is the most common type used for the external casing of the smartphone.

 

  • Improved Reception

Among glass and aluminum suppliers in the Philippines, glass is the ideal material for better antenna performance for your phone. Other materials lack radio frequency (RF) transparency, meaning the antenna on your device can have a hard time finding a signal.

Phones with glass designs mean more bars whether you’re in a different location that leads to faster data transmission. Wi-Fi, LTE, and Bluetooth are stronger without the need for outdated antenna lines inserted on the frames.

 

  • Better Wireless Charging

Today’s smartphones are upgrading one of their features to wireless charging. It’s also a practical consideration, unlike metals that can interfere with the latest charging technology. Glass is used as the metal’s alternative on the back of the phone so that consumers can rely on a glass for a faster charge without having to plug the device to a traditional charger.

 

  • Customization

Most materials on the back of phones don’t have the same optical transparency requirements as the front display. With glass, it can provide smartphone designers with new ways to upgrade its customization. Glass can offer scratch resistance compared to other materials and you can choose from a variety of different palettes of colors with premium quality photo images.

 

  • Recyclability

Recycling cell phones help the environment by saving energy, conserving natural resources, and keeping reusable materials out of landfills. Glass materials can be recycled using conventional recycling techniques. Energy is saved when the percent of the glass is recycled increases because less raw materials would be needed to be extracted.

 

Key Takeaway

Every glass and aluminum supplier in the Philippines will tell you that these two materials make the best smartphones we use every day. Each material has their own strengths and weaknesses, whether in their structural ability or radio signal frequency. But in the end, it all boils down to personal preference. After all, the most important consideration is what the consumer wants and the manufacturer has applied in their industrial design.