Tag: Glass

How Shatterproof Glass is Made

How Shatterproof Glass Is Made

How is shatterproof glass made?

  1. The glass is cut to size, polished, and cleaned
  2. The glass is then further toughened
  3. Laminate interlayers are cut and applied to the glass
  4. The glass ‘sandwich’ is heated
  5. It is finally cleaned and trimmed

 

Shatterproof glass or laminated glass is one of the most used glass products in the world today. As a safety glass, it is used for a wide number of applications. You can commonly see it as automobile windshields, skylight glazing, curtain walls, and store windows. The reason for this is because when shatterproof glass is hit with a strong force, it doesn’t break into large, sharp pieces that can injure people. In fact, laminated glass will continue to stay in one piece even if it has been pierced or cracked multiple times.

Aside from its physical protection, it also protects people from harmful UV rays from the sun. Using the right materials during production can give it the potential to block 99.9% of all UV rays. Beyond its protective qualities, shatterproof glass is also good for sound insulation.

Having said all that, you may be curious as to how shatterproof glass is made. What makes it so averse to shattering and breaking? Continue reading because here is how shatterproof glass is made.

 

The initial glass is cut to size, polished, and cleaned

Laminated glass usually starts as normal sheets of glass that are cut to form a desired shape or size. This usually depends on a given client’s specifications or if it’s premade before selling, then a uniform rectangular shape is usually the go-to.  Once it is properly cut, the glass is polished and cleaned to ensure no impurities interfere with the whole process.

 

The glass is then further toughened

The Glass Is Then Further Toughened

After cleaning, the glass itself needs to be a bit tougher before undergoing the process that creates the shatterproof glass itself. To do that, it has to go through a process that involves minor heating and cooling that can be likened to ‘quenching’. Quenching makes the outer layer of the glass more compressed instead of remaining in tension. This process makes the glass a tad more resistant to breaking on its own.

 

Laminate interlayers are cut and applied to the glass

After quenching, an interlayer is cut and added per sheet. Interlayers, in this case, are elastomeric polymers such as EVA (Ethylene-vinyl acetate) or a strong binding resin such as PVB (Polyvinyl butyral) that is placed in between the glass during production. Using either material as an interlayer would allow the glass to remain bonded while broken — giving it the ‘shatterproof’ moniker.

After a couple of interlayers are added, the 2nd sheet of glass is placed on top, forming what seems like a glass ‘sandwich’. Consider this the shatterproof glass in its rawest form. The glass is held together using a mixture of clamps and tape.

 

The glass ‘sandwich’ is heated

Window Of Building With Tokyo Tower Background

In order to turn the raw glass sandwich into actual shatterproof glass, it has to be heated and compressed simultaneously. There are a number of ways to achieve this. One way to do this is by putting the glass through a ‘nip roller’. For bigger sheets of glass, another popular method involves putting the glass in a vacuum-sealed silicone bag then placed in an oven.

This process removes the air in-between the layers and allows the glass sheets to bond with the interlayer. It’s important to note here that this process is what produces that ‘spider web-like’ cracking pattern when shatterproof glass is cracked.

 

It is finally cleaned and trimmed

After the previous process of heating, what you’ll end up with is the final product. However, it still needs some touch-ups and quality control, which is why it has to be re-cleaned and trimmed. Cleaning in this sense pertains to wiping the surface and making sure that there are no blemishes that can be seen.

Trimming is done with a hot-knife tool to remove excess material from the sides of the glass. This is because of the processed interlayers that were heated, compressed, and eventually overflowed. After trimming, it is finally ready for use.

 

Key Takeaway

Understanding how shatterproof glass is made is important because it allows you to understand how the glass acquires the features it is known for. It also helps you know what kind of glass products are going to perfect for your purposes. Whether it’s for a new windshield or for hurricane-resistant glass, shatterproof or laminated glass could be the way to go.

Types of Glass Used in Construction

The Skyscraper Is In Qingdao China

Glass is one of the oldest and most reliable materials used in construction. Being introduced thousands of years ago, glass has remained as one of the most widely used materials around, being used in places and fixtures like windows, doors, and roofing. Over the years, glass has evolved into a very versatile material that can take many forms and shapes, and be used in a wide variety of applications. In the construction industry, glass is a fundamental material used along with steel, wood, and concrete.

Like metals, there are many different types of glass used for construction, all of which fulfill a purpose and need for each part of a project. Construction materials are required to be flexible and versatile, making glass ideal for a wide number of applications and functions.

 

What are the types of glass used in construction?

Glass comes in many forms in the construction industry, being the ideal material to use for windows, doors, and roofing. Glass is a reflective, transparent, and strong material that is easy to shape, allowing it to come in different types. With that in mind, here are some of the common types of glass used in the construction industry.

 

Shatterproof Glass

Shatterproof Glass

Used for windows, floors, and roofs, shatterproof glass is designed to withstand heavy impact. While it is able to resist breakage to a certain degree, shatterproof glass is also designed not to leave sharp edges on the occasion it breaks, making it one of the safest glass types to use in construction projects. Shatterproof glass is made through a layering process that combines polyvinyl butyral (PVB) and ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA), which gives it its strength and durability.

 

Float Glass

A very common type of glass used in places like malls, storefronts, and other commercial and retail establishments, float glass is one of the most reliable types of glasses around. Float glass is also a very sturdy material that can withstand a significant amount of impact. Depending on the need, float glass can come in different thicknesses ranging from 2mm to 20mm. It is also worth noting it is very transparent and has a lot of glare, which is why it is commonly used in different commercial areas.

 

Laminated Glass

Laminated Glass

If you are looking for a regular type of glass with extra strength, it is best to use laminated glass. Produced by combining different layers of glass together, laminated glass is used for areas that require a protective layer against UV rays and loud noises. These qualities make it an ideal material to use for large aquariums, staircases, glass facades in buildings, and bridges. Due to its layered nature, laminated glass is very heavy, and can cause optical distortions.

 

Tinted Glass

A colored variant of regular glass, tinted glass is mainly used for decorative purposes. This makes it a regular fixture in windows, doors and other locations where color is needed. Tinted glass is produced by adding coloring ions to the glass during manufacturing to add the desired color. Each ion provides a different shade of color, which means that some are combined together to form new shades. While different ions are composed of a variety of elements, they do not compromise the strength and quality of the glass.

 

Glass Blocks

Glass Blocks

Hollow in structure, glass blocks are produced by combined two halves of glass through a process called annealing while being melted to form the final product. Another type of glass used for decorative purposes, glass blocks are able to distort light going through, which provides an aesthetic effect.

 

Patterned Glass

Using glass provides many ways to create a wide variety of designs, and one type of glass that is known for its variety of designs is patterned glass. This translucent glass is produced by etching patterns on the surface to create a wide variety of designs. This type of glass can be used for decorative windows, balconies, bathroom walls and windows, and even on stairwells.

 

Chromatic Glass

Business Executives Discussing With Their Colleagues On Whiteboard

A glass type used to reduce and distort the light coming through, chromatic glass provides a protective layer in light-sensitive locations. Chromatic glass is produced using a lamination process that involves light and heat-sensitive layers of glass that gives its ability to distort light. This is a glass commonly seen in meeting rooms in offices.

 

Wired Glass

A type of glass that is lined up with mesh to prevent it from shattering under stress and pressure, wired glass is a type of glass used as a protective layer against fire and smoke. This makes it ideal for use as a glass fence in buildings.

 

Key Takeaway

When it comes to versatility, durability, and the ability to distort and reflect light, glass provides a protective layer for different kinds of buildings and facilities. Glass is an important material used in many forms in construction projects. By identifying different types of glass, you would be able to utilize them correctly.

Effective Methods to Clean and Maintain Glass Windows

Empty Floors And Office Buildings In The Financial Center, Qingdao, China

What are the best methods to clean and maintain glass windows?

  1. Use a vinegar cleaning mix
  2. Use distilled water
  3. Spraying works best
  4. Wash during cloudy days
  5. Lessen the suds
  6. Get a Squeegee

 

Windows are an important element in the design of any home or building, as they help bring in natural light and cold air. Whether it be classic wood-framed windows or windows made using parts from your local stainless steel supplier, windows are constant features in any living or commercial space.

While it is a common solution to bring in a high-quality window cleaner to remove any dirt or stains present in your windows, using some DIY solutions also work well. Cleaning a window can be a tiring task, which is why having the best tools and techniques will help get the job done much faster.

 

What are the best ways to clean and maintain your windows?

There are many ways to clean and maintain your glass windows, and some of these methods are easy to do and apply. This will allow you to clean your windows without the worry of leaving stains, scratches or streaks. With that in mind, here are some of the best ways to clean and maintain your glass windows.

 

Use a vinegar cleaning mix

One of the most effective substances that can help you clean your windows is also one of the most common materials that can be found at home. The biggest advantage of using vinegar is it is a very safe substance to use, as it is non-toxic and is also used in the kitchen. This is also a very cost-effective solution as well, as you would not need to invest in other types of cleaning solutions for your windows.

To help get you started with using vinegar to clean your windows, you would have to create your own DIY vinegar window cleaning solution. All you would need is one cup of white vinegar (which is available in a lot of supermarkets) and around 2-3 cups of water. The amount can vary depending on the amount of dirt and stains on your windows.

After mixing and creating your vinegar cleaner, the next step is to put it inside a bottle to allow you to apply it to your windows. The vinegar would be able to remove dust, dirt, and stains quite easily, providing you with clean windows all around. It is worth noting that vinegar can have a strong aroma that will take a while to fade.

 

Use distilled water

Use Distilled Water

Along with using a vinegar mix to help clean your windows much better, it is also important to take into account the quality of the water that you are using for cleaning. The biggest advantage of using vinegar is it is a very safe substance to use, as it is non-toxic and is also used in the kitchen. Glass surfaces are very delicate, as they are vulnerable to dirt, stains, and scratches. Using a solution that is not pure might only cause more problems, which is why making your solution as clean as possible is the best step. Distilled water also prevents streaks from appearing on your glass windows, making it a better cleaning experience overall.

 

Spraying works best

When washing your windows, always make sure all of your cleaning solutions are contained in spray bottles. These bottles help you spread the cleaning solution across your window, helping you cover a wider area. This makes your cleaning experience easier and more efficient, taking you less time. Always make sure you have your spray bottles ready when cleaning and maintaining your windows to have the best experience.

 

Wash during cloudy days

Empty Floors And Office Buildings In The Financial Center, Qingdao, China

Along with having the right cleaning solution for the job, you also need to make sure you are cleaning during an ideal time of the day. Cleaning during a sunny day will help the solution dry up quicker, but it can leave dry streaks behind, making you start the cleaning process again. It is best to wash during the cloudy days, where the weather is moderate and manageable. This will make sure your solutions would not dry up quickly, allowing you to clean more properly.

 

Get a Squeegee

Another essential window cleaning and maintenance tool is a squeegee. A squeegee allows you to easily wipe off cleaning solutions. Squeegees are mostly made out of plastic. Squeegees also come in different sizes, with the longer ones allowing you to reach higher windows with relative ease. Before you begin cleaning and maintaining your windows, it is best to get a squeegee beforehand.

 

Key Takeaway

Cleaning windows can be a challenging task, as removing dust, dirt, and stains can be tough without the right tools. By following these handy cleaning and maintenance tips, you would be able to have the cleanest and best-looking glass windows all around.

How to Properly Establish an Aluminum and Glass Balustrade

How To Properly Establish An Aluminum And Glass Balustrade

How do you establish an aluminum and glass balustrade?

  1. Proper measurement
  2. Secure the railings
  3. Protect it against corrosion
  4. Utilize accurate glass thickness
  5. Attach glass to the balustrade

 

The use of metal and glass together has become a combination that can be seen in a wide variety of projects. From the military, construction, and even the automotive industry, these two materials have become crucial elements that help create innovative designs and structures. When it comes to local construction projects, a stainless steel supplier in Metro Manila is surely the best place to acquire some of the best metals you can use for construction and other projects.

One of the most common applications of metal and glass in a structure is the use of aluminum and glass to create balustrades. These balustrades are not only decorative railings that are a common feature in homes and commercial buildings, but they are also a safety feature that is designed to keep you safe from edges. This makes proper installation very important, as you would have to keep safety and function in mind, along with incorporating a variety of styles into the overall design. Here are some effective ways on how to establish a balustrade in a structure.

 

How to Install a Balustrade

Installing an aluminum and glass balustrade requires taking into account a variety of factors, such as size, height, and design. These factors would dictate how your balustrade would be designed and positioned in order to provide the best safety while improving the look of the structure.

 

Proper Measurement

The first step towards installing a balustrade is measuring the area that it would be installed on. Measuring the area will help you know the proper length and height of these balustrades, which will help you know how many you need to install in a certain area. Length and height are important factors, as you would have to take into account the dimensions of the structure to determine the right size of the balustrade.

It is also important to take weight into account, as balustrades are designed to not only block open pathways but also ensure that it would be able to provide the best protection from possible falling hazards.

 

Railings

Railings

Another important element of the balustrade is the railing, which is a safety feature that is present in a majority of designs. Along with the rest of the balustrade, railings are designed with durability in mind, which means picking the right size and shape will be a factor in the design and safety. Most buildings employ an aluminum railing, which is highly durable and resistant against different types of wear and tear. Most of these railings are round-shaped, although there are designs that use square shaped railings. Depending on the design and type of building, picking the right railing design is crucial in knowing how will the finished project will turn out.

 

Protecting against corrosion

Corrosion is one of the things that can damage metal structures, as they can affect the structural integrity of a home or a building, which can cause different kinds of damage an safety hazards. If not cleaned or repaired, a rusty balustrade will eventually collapse, which can cause falling hazards that can create dangerous scenarios.

This is why using aluminum from a stainless steel supplier in Metro Manila is the best material to use, as it will be able to withstand a multitude of elements, becoming resistant to different kinds of wear and tear such as rust. Along with having a strengthened resistance to corrosion, adding a protective coating will help towards improving the durability and longevity of your aluminum and glass balustrade. Maintenance of these balustrades will also become much easier as well, as you would be able to clean them much easier, and you would only need to re-apply protective coating.

 

Glass thickness

Glass Thickness

Along with the length and height of the balustrade, glass thickness is also an important factor. Having the optimal glass thickness would not only provide the ideal weight but will also provide the best protective layer that would make your balustrade stronger. Thicker glass means more weight, which is why using thinner but more durable glass sections might be better options for other types of structures.

 

Attaching glass to a balustrade

Installing glass into an aluminum balustrade can be done in a variety of ways depending on the type of aluminum frame that you are installing. Some balustrades are frameless, which is designed to provide the best views and aesthetic, while some are framed which provides a good sense of style and security. Glass is usually installed using screws, which allow them to stay in place without the risk of moving around or coming loose.

 

Key Takeaway

A balustrade has become a very common feature amongst different types of buildings, as they provide safety and quality design. Installing a balustrade means considering a number of factors to determine the best approach. By following these handy steps, you would be able to properly establish a balustrade in any type of building project that is durable and resistant against the elements.

How Glass Plays a Major Part in Camera Lenses

How Glass Plays A Major Part In Camera Lenses

How does glass play a major part in camera lenses?

  1. Glass lenses bend the light
  2. Glass makes up the anatomy of a lens
  3. Different glass camera lenses, different focal lengths

 

In order for cameras to accurately depict its surroundings, various kinds of glass are specially designed and placed in camera lenses to generate the perfect image. Locally, these types of glass are created by professionals at glass and stainless steel suppliers in the Philippines such as One Sky Philippines.

These different variations of glass bend the light that comes through the lens. After which, the lens directs and focuses the beams of light into the imaging chip that provides you with the sharp images that you can view on your camera. These lenses need to be specially crafted in order for them to efficiently work together.

Read on to learn more about how glass plays a major part in camera lenses.

 

Glass Lenses Bend the Light

Glass Lenses Bend The Light

At first glance, it may seem simple to take a picture with your camera. Just one click and you have a sharp image of the scenery or loved one that you are taking a picture of. However, on the inside of your camera, a complex process is working overtime to convert beams of light into the images you see on your screen.

Lens elements need to be strategically positioned in order to maintain the sharpness of multiple focal lengths. To put it simply, pieces of glass need to be constantly adjusted to ensure that your image remains in focus no matter how near or far your subject is. Not only that, but the glass must be able to capture the entire width of the image, making sure that every single area is in focus. This becomes more difficult especially when it comes to zoom lenses, which are able to cater to a variety of focal lengths in just one camera lens.

The next part will further discuss the specifications of how glass works within the anatomy of a camera lens.

 

Glass Makes Up the Anatomy of a Lens

The different types of glass inside the anatomy of glass are placed around specific areas. They are called lens elements. Some are attached to exterior rings that can help with focusing or zooming in. Some are fixed to the inside of the camera lens cylinder and cannot be moved. Here is a list of lens elements that make up the anatomy of a lens:

  • Front Element
  • Lens Group
  • Aperture
  • Rear Element

These pieces of glass all vary in shape. Some are convex (popping out in the center), flat, and concave (squished in the center). The number of lens elements within a camera can also increase or decrease depending on the type of camera lens you purchase. Each camera lens is used for a number of different reasons due to their differing aesthetics.

 

Different Glass Camera Lenses, Different Focal Lengths

Different Glass Camera Lenses, Different Focal Lengths

When shopping for a camera lens, you will have to make a very important choice between a zoom lens or a prime lens. These two different types of lenses have a range of focal lengths that you can choose from. They also have their own unique properties and are useful for specific activities.

In terms of a prime lens, its unique quality is that it has one fixed focal length. This means that the prime lens has a lesser number of parts, which helps it capture sharper images. It has no zooming properties as well, which means that you will need to physically move closer or further away in order widen the range of your image. Here is a list of popular prime lenses and their specific uses:

  • 50mm

50mm lenses are used to capture macro images. They can include extreme details in subjects that cannot be captured by other types of lenses. The type of glass found in this lens can easily take a picture of even the smallest details. This lightweight and affordable lens is perfect for someone looking to try prime lenses for the first time.

  • 28mm

A 28mm is also known as a “wide lens”. The special property of this lens is that it has the ability to capture a large part of your subject. The glass distorts the light in order to fit the whole scenery in. This is perfect for those who want to capture outdoor scenery or to fit in a large group of people in a gathering.

  • 85mm

85mm lenses are perfect for those into portrait photography. The lens can easily capture a large part of the subject with just a hint of the background to frame them in. Its length will make it easier for you to capture your subject without needing to move too close or too far away from them.

On the other hand, a zoom lens can be adjusted into multiple focal lengths with a twist of a ring. These are useful in cases where you are limited to move around and also to easily zoom into far away subjects. This is also ideal for those who are into videography, as you will not need to constantly change the lens to get the perfect shot. Here are some of the more popular types of zoom lenses:

  • 18-55mm

An 18-55mm zoom lens is usually called a “kit lens”. This is a popular lens for beginners as you will be able to observe the differences of numerous focal lengths. You will be able to take pictures of subjects that are a few steps away from you.

  • 18-200mm

If you are planning on going on vacation, a superzoom lens such as an 18-200mm one will help you greatly. The wide array of focal lengths will keep you prepared for any type of subject you may want to capture. This can capture the detail on subjects extremely far away from you.

  • 100-400mm

If you want to capture sporting events, then the 100-400mm telephoto lens is for you. This can allow you to capture action between a number of people while maintaining its clarity. It can also offer you a clear picture of your subject while blurring out the background to really bring attention to the right place.

Research well on the different kinds of lenses and their respective lens elements to learn how to produce high-quality pictures.

 

Key Takeaway

There are a number of factors that go into capturing an image. One of the major factors are the specialized kinds of glass found within camera lenses and the camera body itself. Glass of all shapes and sizes are strategically placed in areas of the anatomy of the camera lens to filter the light beams that come through it. These have to be made by professional glass and stainless steel suppliers in the Philippines, such as One Sky Philippines, in order to ensure that each piece works the way it should.

Do more research on the different types of camera lenses to be able to effectively capture a pristine image of your surroundings.

The History of Tempered Glass

The History Of Tempered Glass

What is the history of tempered glass?

  1. The creation of tempered glass
  2. Rise in popularity
  3. Introduction to the global market
  4. Tempered glass in major industries

 

Tempered glass is known for its strength as well as its ability to shatter into tiny and relatively harmless pieces. It can be bought from stainless steel suppliers in the Philippines. The glass is used in products that are either in constant contact with the human body or are used as a safety measure for them. It is also integrated into areas with a high risk of fractures such as buildings or automobiles.

Examples of tempered glass in items are screen protectors for cell phones, glass doors for showers, and microwaves. These can be purchased at trusted suppliers such as One Sky Philippines. Here is a timeline of the history of tempered glass.

 

How Is Tempered Glass Made?

Tempered glass is made with the annealing method. It creates tension in the middle of the glass and compression on its outer edges. This is the secret to the strength of tempered glass. Here are the three steps in the annealing methodology.

  1. Cutting
  2. Tempering
  3. Quenching

Cutting is the first part of the creation of tempered glass. The glass is cut into the set length and width. Then, an abrasive is applied to smoothen the sharp edges. Afterward, the glass is washed off of any excess debris. The glass must be properly examined in order to spot any imperfections that could cause it to break in the proceeding steps.

Tempering is the next step. The glass is fed into a tempering oven and heated to more than 600 degrees Celsius. Note that this extreme heat treatment process could cause breakage if the glass has an imperfection.

Quenching is the last step in the creation of tempered glass. The glass is removed from the tempering oven and immediately sprayed with high-pressure air. This extreme cooling process is called “quenching”. It cools the exterior faster than the center, causing tension and compression that strengthens the glass.

 

The Creation of Tempered Glass

The Creation Of Tempered Glass

The process of tempering glass was first created in the middle of the 17th century. In 1874, King Francois Barthelemy Alfred Royer de la Bastie discovered a kind of glass that breaks into tiny little pieces while maintaining its physical form. He heated a piece of glass until it was molten and immediately quenched it in a hot bath of oil.

In 1877, a German named Friedrich Siemens created a different version that is more commonly known as compressed glass. His process presses the glass into cool molds. This method created an even stronger kind of tempered glass.

Austrian Chemist Rudolph A. Seiden was the first to win a patent for the creation of tempered glass.

 

 Rise in Popularity of Tempered Glass

In 1876, American Geovge E. Rogens received a patent in Massachusetts to introduce tempered glass into drinking glasses and streetlamps. American Hugh O’Hill won a patent in New Jersey in the same year.

By 1936, tempered glass was being added on to vehicles in the United States as a form of protection. Studies were showing that people were most likely to pass away in the case of them being ejected from the vehicle during an accident. Tempered glass was chosen due to its ability to stay intact when damaged.

 

The Introduction of Tempered Glass to the Global Market

Tempered glass was first introduced to the global market by a Chinese company called Shanghai Yaohua Glass Factory in 1955. By 1965, another Chinese company was creating military grade glass.

By the 1970s, tempered glass was everywhere. The glass was widely promoted and became incredibly popular all over the world. It was most commonly used in the automobile, construction, and electronics industries.

 

Tempered Glass in Major Industries

Tempered Glass In Major Industries

Tempered glass became popular due to a number of industries. This kind of protective glass can greatly reduce the chances of extreme injuries. These can be purchased at trusted suppliers such as One Sky Philippines. Here is a list of industries and how they make use of tempered glass.

Automobile

The windows of a vehicle are made of tempered glass. It can withstand the pressures from large potholes and even just the closing of the car door. A new kind of glass has been developed that combines the strength of laminated and tempered glass. These are quickly being integrated into new car models.

Construction

Windows and glass doors need to be made of a glass that can withstand constant use and possible banging. Tempered glass is used for this specific reason. Windows and doors can be suddenly and violently shut by strong winds. It is important that the kind of glass it has can withstand the impact.

Electronics

In terms of electronics, tempered glass is used mainly for the protection of devices such as cell phones and computers. This kind of screen protector can withstand the wear and tear of the owner’s constant use as well as any damage that could happen from accidental falls. It can also be used for appliances that need to handle constant heat but also be observable on the inside such as ovens, coffee machines, and microwaves.

 

Key Takeaway

Tempered glass was created as an alternative to kinds of glass that could be harmful once broken. It can ensure your safety while providing a unique aesthetic appearance in a number of ways. The number of industries that utilize this kind of glass can attest to its durability and safety. In the Philippines, stainless steel suppliers sell tempered and other forms of protective glass. Do your research well to find the best kind of glass for you.

Uses of Glass in Construction

Uses Of Glass In Construction

What are the uses of glass in construction?

  1. Traditional form and function
  2. Application advancement
  3. Transparent uses
  4. Outlook
  5. The different types of glass

 

All glass and aluminum suppliers in the Philippines will tell you that glass is being used in the building industry, whether it’s used to make conventional windows or structural members in new-age buildings. Glass is used in construction and for architectural purposes in engineering. With so many different properties and uses, you can definitely say that glass can be just as great as aluminum and steel. Here are some of the uses of glass as an ideal material for construction:

 

Traditional Form and Function

A glass is described as a transparent, sparkling, delicate, and illustrative material. It is one of the most useful and most interesting materials with more applications and installation techniques that are constantly in development. Glass is used in various methods during construction projects with an exact form and type.

The most familiar glass forms are fiberglass products that are being used for insulation and translucent panels, transparent blocks, and windows. Another is glass insulation, and it is typically installed as loose particles blown into cavities and ceilings used as specialized equipment.

 

Application Advancement

Application Advancement

Glass in its solid, float manufactured state really shines in construction and it is constantly being used in more and more construction projects. However, it requires more advanced installation methods. Prefabricated structural fiberglass panels make use of interlocks and adhesives in achieving engineering performance like of steel and wood elements. There are a lot of installation methods that have improved as well, such as frameless glazing utilizes specialized adhesives to hold glass panels against structural supports in place without an exposed framework. This leads to a smooth and continuous effect on a lot of buildings exteriors, floors, and facades.

 

Transparent Uses

The main property of glass is transparency which allows the vision of the outside world through it. The transparency of glass can either be from both sides or from one side only. In the recent forms of recent construction techniques, glass has always been utilized in making beams and columns.

It does not only look dramatic but also has an attractive compression and strength to weight ratio. Glass achieves its strength when loaded in compression. Post-tensioning techniques are used to ensure the structural elements of glass bear compressive loads.

 

Outlook

Outlook

The developments in the glass sector are not all limited to its classic properties, whether its energy savings and solar protection, but it can also improve and change its stability and surface. As the product versatility for glass increases, so does the need for architects, engineers, and building owners to consult with a glass protector.

 

Glass for Windows and Facades

The primary use for windows is to supply natural daylight, fresh air, and provide protection from rain, cold, and wind. These purposes which are characteristic for windows can be mostly achieved by means of special multifunctional designs.

Sophisticated window and facade systems combine different technical demands with the creative freedom of planning. The potential of glass is not only for increasing in transparency and quality of living, but it can also emphasize the vitality of reflecting surfaces and the presence of structures.

 

Types of Glass Used in Construction

Let’s discuss some of the different glasses that are broadly used for construction:

Soda Lime Glass

Soda Lime Glass or Float Glass is a mixture of sodium silicate and calcium silicate. It is smooth at low temperature and it can be blown or welded easily when infusion condition. It is colorless and it is mainly used for window panes and for the laboratory tubes and other apparatus.

Potash Lead Glass

A type of glass with a mixture of potassium silicate and lead silicate. Its properties possess bright luster and great refractive power. It is mostly used in the manufacturing of artificial gems, electric bulbs, and lenses.

Common Glass

A mixture of sodium, calcium, and iron silicate. It is brown, green, and yellow in color and mainly used for in manufacturing medicine bottles.

Shatterproof Glass

It is used for windows, skylights, floors etc. Some type of plastic polyvinyl butyral is added in the making process so it cannot form sharp-edged pieces when it breaks.

Double Glazed Units

This type of glass is made by providing an air gap between two glass panes in order to reduce heat loss and gain. Normal glass can cause an immense amount of heat gain and 30% of the loss of heat or air conditioning energy. Green, energy efficient glass can reduce this impact.

Special Glasses

Some properties of glasses can be suitably altered by changing basic ingredients and adding a few more ingredients. It is now emerged as a versatile material to meet any special requirement in engineering.

 

Key Takeaway

Most glass and aluminum suppliers in the Philippines will tell you that glass is a great material to use for construction purposes. With different types of glasses, transparent uses, and properties, glass is definitely a great material to use for buildings and other construction purposes.

Difference of Glass and Aluminum in Your Cell Phone’s Material

Difference Of Glass And Aluminum In Your Cell Phone’s Material

What are the differences between glass and aluminum when used in your cell phone’s material?

  1. Aluminum
  • Superior material
  • Heat dissipater
  • Durability
  • Waterproof
  1. Glass
  • Improved reception
  • Better wireless charging
  • Customization
  • Recyclability

 

You may think that all smartphones are built just the same. But have you ever wondered how smartphone manufacturers choose to build their products with one material and another? Over the years, the smartphone market has changed drastically. Among glass and aluminum suppliers in the Philippines, for the most part, are the two most popular materials to choose from are aluminum and glass.

Despite the numerous options, what smartphone builder would you actually prefer? Here’s all you should know about the difference between aluminum and glass as components of the perfect smartphone material.

 

Aluminum

Aluminum

Aluminum and Magnesium metals are used in many different products. From technical devices to construction and even furniture, it is one of the most commonly used materials in smartphones. The material itself is malleable and it allows manufacturers to be more creative when designing smartphones that are fit for every person’s need. Read on to find out why aluminum is an amazing material for smartphones.

 

  • Superior Material

For many smartphone users, metal is equal to premium. Seeing an aluminum phone polished and coated with a crisp finish does indeed make a phone look good. A lot of people associate it as high-quality material; it’s light and more durable than glass in most cases.

The minimal markings and no extraneous parts to take away from a single piece of metal in a certain shape to form a complete design aesthetic. It often ties well in a premium look and garnering many fans of its design.

 

  • Heat Dissipater

Touch is one of the primary human senses. In comparison to its other material counterparts, a metal smartphone can disperse more heat generated by the processor and internals of the device.

A smartphone with a metal casing can offer better protection to the internal components in comparison with other competing materials. Metal transfers heat much better than any other material, it gets cold when you stop using it and best of all, it feels good in the hands.

 

  • Durability

Aluminum is especially durable in end use. The required energy in combination with the long life-span is what makes the material durable. Aluminum body smartphones can withstand some rough treatment.

Also, the fact that aluminum casing provides better protection to the internals as an added advantage. Using aluminum in smartphones requires less maintenance than other metals.

 

  • Waterproof

Aluminum enclosures give electronics quality protection from atmospheric and marine corrosion. Smartphones with IP67 and IP68 rating means smartphones can survive splashes of rain, water, or even a spill. Waterproof means that your phone will be fine if it’s completely submerged or soaked.

 

Glass

Glass

Glass has become the material choice for flagship mobile phones. Although glass can be fragile compared to aluminum, it became a popular feature because it looks great and the heavy-feel gives the users a feel of luxury. Aluminosilicate glass, more commonly known as Gorilla Glass, is the most common type used for the external casing of the smartphone.

 

  • Improved Reception

Among glass and aluminum suppliers in the Philippines, glass is the ideal material for better antenna performance for your phone. Other materials lack radio frequency (RF) transparency, meaning the antenna on your device can have a hard time finding a signal.

Phones with glass designs mean more bars whether you’re in a different location that leads to faster data transmission. Wi-Fi, LTE, and Bluetooth are stronger without the need for outdated antenna lines inserted on the frames.

 

  • Better Wireless Charging

Today’s smartphones are upgrading one of their features to wireless charging. It’s also a practical consideration, unlike metals that can interfere with the latest charging technology. Glass is used as the metal’s alternative on the back of the phone so that consumers can rely on a glass for a faster charge without having to plug the device to a traditional charger.

 

  • Customization

Most materials on the back of phones don’t have the same optical transparency requirements as the front display. With glass, it can provide smartphone designers with new ways to upgrade its customization. Glass can offer scratch resistance compared to other materials and you can choose from a variety of different palettes of colors with premium quality photo images.

 

  • Recyclability

Recycling cell phones help the environment by saving energy, conserving natural resources, and keeping reusable materials out of landfills. Glass materials can be recycled using conventional recycling techniques. Energy is saved when the percent of the glass is recycled increases because less raw materials would be needed to be extracted.

 

Key Takeaway

Every glass and aluminum supplier in the Philippines will tell you that these two materials make the best smartphones we use every day. Each material has their own strengths and weaknesses, whether in their structural ability or radio signal frequency. But in the end, it all boils down to personal preference. After all, the most important consideration is what the consumer wants and the manufacturer has applied in their industrial design.